|_____ (spouse of Edward III) was born (date unknown).|
_____ (mother of Raymond Beranger III) was born (date unknown).
Spouse: Raymond Berengar II Towhead (Count of Barcelona). Children were: Raymond Berengar III the Great (Count of Barcelona).
_____ (mother of Raymond Beranger II) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Raymond the Crooked) was born (date unknown).
Spouse: Raymond Berengar Borrell III (Count of Barcelona). Children were: Raymond Berengar I the Crooked (Count of Barcelona).
_____ (mom of Raymond Beranger Borrell) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Borrell II) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Sunyer of Barcelona) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Guifre the Hairy) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Sunifred of Urgell) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Richeza of Poland) was born (date unknown).
Spouse: Wladyslaw II, the Exile of Cracow (Duke of Cracow). Children were: Richeza of Poland .
_____ (mother of Boleslaw III) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Bruno) was born (date unknown).
_____ (spouse of Arnold of Metz)1 was born (date unknown). She was a Frankish woman of noble lineage.
_____ (mother of Ziemonislaw of Poland) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Ziemowit of Poland) was born (date unknown).
_____ (mother of Piast of Poland) was born (date unknown).
_____ (spouse of Pepin of Landen) was born (date unknown).
Adalbert of Italy (KING OF ITALY) died in 972. Parents: Berenger II of Ivrea (KING OF ITALY) and Willa of Tuscany .
Adalbert of Ivrea (Count & Margrave of Ivrea) died about 932.
Spouse: Gisela of Friaul . Gisela of Friaul and Adalbert of Ivrea (Count & Margrave of Ivrea) were married.
St. Adelaide of Italy (Empress) was born in 931. She died on 16 December 999 at the age of 68.1 Adelaide's first marriage was to Lothaire, the son of Hugh of Provence. Their marriage was arranged by their fathers, who had been fighting for the crown of Italy. When they agreed to peace in 933, Rudolph II of Burgundy agreed that Adelaide should marry Hugh's son Lothaire. The marriage took place sometime after peace was reached; however, Adelaide's widowed mother then married Hugh of Provence. However, Hugh was then forced to abdicate the crown of Italy by Berengarius, the Marquis of Ivrea, who claimed the crown of Italy for himself. Then, Berengarius supposedly poisoned Lothaire and proposed that Adelaide marry his son Adalbert. After Adelaide refused, she was forced to live in solitary captivity in the Castle of Garda. A priest by the name of Martin finally rescued her by digging and underground tunnel, and hid Adelaide in the forest around Lake Garda, where they subsisted on fish he caught in the lake. The Duke of Canossa, Alberto Uzzo, heard of Adelaide's rescue, came and carried Adelaide off to his own castle. By this time, the Italian nobles had grown weary of Berengarius and invited Otto to invade Italy, which he did with little resistance. Otto arrived at Canossa, met Adelaide and married her on Christmas day, 951, at Pavia. The people of Italy greatly admired Adelaide and this made it much easier for Otto to rule over Italy. The German people also admired her, but after her husband died and her son Otto II became King, Adelaide started having troubles. One reason for her troubles was that Her daughter-in-law Theophano was very jealous; another possible reason was her excessive liberality in her works of charity. Adelaide withdrew from the court and took up residence at Pavia, but resumed having troubles when her grandson inherited the throne. After Theophano died suddenly, Adelaide was recalled to the court as a Regent. During her administration, she took no revenge upon her enemies, greatly increased the number of churches and monasteries in all the provinces, and expended much effort to convert the pagans. In her last year, she travelled to Burgundy to reconcile her nephew Rudolph with his subjects, but she died during the trip at Seltz, in Alsace. Her relics are enshrined at Hanover. Parents: Rudolph II (KING OF BURGUNDY) and _____ ______ (mother of Adelaide of Italy).
Spouse: Lothaire . St. Adelaide of Italy (Empress) and Lothaire were married about 947.
Spouse: Otto I the Great, King of Germany (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR). St. Adelaide of Italy (Empress) and Otto I the Great, King of Germany (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR) were married on 25 December 951. Children were: Otto II of Saxony (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR).
Alfonso de la Cerda2 was born (date unknown). Parents: Ferdinand and Blanche of France .
Alfonso II of Portugal2 was born (date unknown).
Spouse: Urraca . Urraca and Alfonso II of Portugal were married.
Alfonso IV "O Osado" (KING OF PORTUGAL & ALGARVE) was born on 8 February 1291. Parents: Denis the Laborer (KING OF PORTUGAL & ALGARVE) and Isabel of Aragon (St. Elizabeth of Portugal).
Alfonso IX (KING OF LEON) was born on 15 August 1171. He died on 24 September 1230 at the age of 59. Alfonso IX became King of Leon in 1188, at the age of 17. He conquered several cities in Extremadura from the Moors and defeated them in 1230 at Merida. During his reign, he was frequently at war with Alfonso VIII of Castille. Both of his marriages, with Teresa of Portugal and with Berenguela, were annulled by the pope. Parents: Ferdinand II (KING OF LEON) and Urraca of Portugal .
Spouse: Teresa of Portugal . Teresa of Portugal and Alfonso IX (KING OF LEON) were married.
Alfonso of Castile (Infant of Castile) was born in 1286. Parents: Sancho IV (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Maria de MOLINA.
Alfonso of the Asturias was born on 15 September 1453. He died in 1468 at the age of 15. Parents: John II of Castille and Isabella of Portugal .
Alfonso V was born in 1396. He died in 1458 at the age of 62. Also known as Alfonso the Magnanimous, Alfonso V succeeded his father, Ferdinand I, as King of Aragon and Sicily in 1416.
Through much effort, he also became King of Naples in 1443. His help was initially sought by Queen Joanna II of Naples who was being threatened by a rival claimant to the Kingdom of Naples, Louis III. Alfonso V defeated Louis III in 1421, and Joanna II adopted Alfonso V as her heir. However, Alfonso V attempted to take over Naples and, in 1423, Joanna II transferred the adoption to Louis III. Louis III regained control of most of Naples, but died in 1434. Joanna II then left her throne to the brother of Louis III, Rene of Anjou, when she died in 1435. Alfonso V then attempted to conquer Naples but was captured later in 1435. Luckily for him, he was released through the efforts of the Duke of Milan. He finally succeeded in defeating Rene of Anjou in 1442 and took control of Naples. He was officially recognized as the King of Naples in 1443 by the Pope.
Alfonso V left his Spanish kingdoms under the rule of his wife and his brother, John II, and went to live in Naples. When he died in 1458, he left the Kingdom of Naples to his son, Ferdinand I, and the Kingdoms of Aragon and Sicily to his brother, John II of Aragon. Parents: Ferdinand I (KING OF ARAGON & SICILY) and Leonor Urrac de Castilla de Albuquerque.
Alfonso VIII of Castile was born on 11 November 1155. Parents: Sancho III (KING OF CASTILE) and Blanca of Navarre .
Alfonso X (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) was born on 23 November 1221. He died in 1284 at the age of 63. Also known as Alfonso the Wise, he became King of Castile and Leon in 1252. He continued the war against the Moors, with his most notable accomplishment being the capture of Cadiz in 1262.
Alfonso X's main ambition was to be Holy Roman Emperor, but that dream never materialized. A faction of German princes did elect him in 1257 as antiking to Richard, earl of Cornwall, but because of papal opposition and antagonism by his Spanish subjects, he did not go to Germany. He finally renounced his claim to the imperial throne in 1275, the same year his eldest son died.
During his reign, he forcefully asserted his royal authority, and this led to rebellions both by the nobles and his Moorish subjects. He was able to put down the Moorish rebellion only with the help of James I of Aragon.
He was very interested in the cultural life of his time, furthered the schools of Seville, Murcia, and Salamanca, and allowed Muslim and Jewish culture to flow into Western Europe. He was primarily responsible for the "Siete Partidas", a compilation of the legal knowledge of that time, for the Alfonsine tables in astronomy, and for other scientific and historical works. Parents: St. Ferdinand III (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Beatrice (Elizabeth) VON HOHENSTAUFEN of Swabia.
Spouse: Yolanda (Violante) of Aragon . Yolanda (Violante) of Aragon and Alfonso X (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON)3 were married on 26 November 1248. Children were: Berenguela (Nun), Beatriz of Castile (Infanta of Castile), Ferdinand , Leonor , Sancho IV (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON), Constanza , Pedro of Castile (sn de Ledesma), Juan of Castile (Infant of Castile), Isabel , Violante , Jaime (Juan) of Castile (sn de los Cameros).
Alfonso XI (King of Castile and Leon) was born on 13 August 1311. He died on 26 March 1350 at the age of 38. Alfonso XI became King of Castile and Leon in 1312, when he was only 1 year old, succeeding his father, Ferdinand IV. Alfonxo XI continued the Spanish effort to expel the Moors from Spain, but his campaign against the Moorish stronghold of Granada provoked a counterattack by the Moors from Morocco; the Moors captured Gibraltar in 1333. Alfonso XI formed alliances with the Kingdoms of Portugal, Aragon and Navarre and, in 1340, achieved a great victory in the battle of Tarifa (also called the battle of Salado). In 1344, he achieved another significant step in the expulsion of the Moors by capturing Algeciras. Alfonso XI enforced the "Siete Partidas" of Alfonso X by issuing the "Ordenamiento de Alcala" at Alcala de Henares in 1348. He continued his campaign against the Moors but died (of the plague) in 1350 while he was laying siege to Gibraltar. Also known as "El Justiciero", he was succeeded by his son, Peter the Cruel. Parents: Ferdinand IV (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Constanza of Portugal .
Spouse: Costanza Manuel de Castile . Costanza Manuel de Castile and Alfonso XI (King of Castile and Leon) were married on 28 March 1325. This marriage was annulled in 1327.
Spouse: Leonora de Guzman . They were not married; she was his mistress.Children were: Pedro Alfonso (sn de Aguilar), Sancho Alfonso (sn de Ledesma), Henry II of Castile (KING OF CASTILE), Fadrique Alfonso (Señor de Haro), Fernando Alfonso (sn de Ledesma), Tello de Castilla (Conde de Castaneda), Juan de Castile (sn de Badajoz), Sancho de Castilla (Count of Albuquerque and Haro), Pedro Alfonso (2nd) (sn de Aguilar), Juana Alfonsa .
Alice (Judith Adelaide) was born (date unknown).
Alphonso II the Chaste (KING OF ARAGON) was born in May 1152. He died on 25 April 1196 at the age of 43. Parents: Raymond Berengar IV the Saint (Count of Barcelona & Provence) and Petronilla RAMIREZ (QUEEN OF ARAGON).
Spouse: Sancha of Castile (Infanta of Castile). Sancha of Castile (Infanta of Castile) and Alphonso II the Chaste (KING OF ARAGON)3 were married on 18 January 1174. Sources conflict on the spouse of Alphonso II. Children were: Pedro II the Catholic (KING OF ARAGON).
Anchises (Anseghisel) died in 629. He died while hunting. Parents: Arnold of Metz (St. Arnulf) and _____ (spouse of Arnold of Metz).
Arnold of Metz (St. Arnulf)1 was born about 580.1 He died on 16 August 641 at the age of 61. Arnulf, or Arnold of Metz (in eastern France today), lived in Austrasia (which consisted more or less of modern central Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and eastern France) and was the son of distinguished Frankish parents. Excelling in school, he was then sent to serve in the court of Theodebert II, King of Austrasia, where he distinguished himself and became one of the king's ministers. He lived a spiritual life and was contemplating devoting his life to God, but before he could do so, he was named to the vacant position of Bishop of the Episcopal See of Metz, about 611. After Theodebert II died in 613, Arnulf joined with Pepin of Landen and other nobles to call Clothaire II, King of Neustria (today's northern France), to rule Austrasia. In his dual positions of Bishop and court minister, Arnulf did much good for the King's subjects. In 625, Austrasia was entrusted to Clothaire's son, Dagobert, and Arnulf became tutor and chief minister of the young king. In time, however, conflicts developed between Dagobert and Clothaire. Arnulf tried unsuccessfully to reconcile the two kings, and Arnulf grew weary with the responsibilities of the Episcopal See and court life. About 626, Arnulf obtained the appointment of a successor to himself as Bishop of the Episcopal See of Metz and Arnulf, accompanied by his friend and fellow court minister Romaricus, withdrew to a solitary place in the mountains of the Vosges. He lived there in communion with God until his death. His remains are interred in the basilica of the Holy Apostles in Metz.
Arnulf of Carinthia (KING OF GERMANY) was born about 863. He died in 899 at the age of 36. Also known as King of the East Franks, he became Emperor in 896. Parents: Carloman of Bavaria (KING OF BAVARIA) and Litwinde .
Beatrix of Burgundy was born in 1145.
Spouse: Frederick I (Barbarossa) (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR). Beatrix of Burgundy and Frederick I (Barbarossa) (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR)3 were married on 10 June 1156. Children were: Henry VI HOHENSTAUFENS of Sicily (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR), Philip HOHENSTAUFEN of Swabia (HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR).
Beatriz of Castile (Infanta of Castile) was born in December 1254. Parents: Alfonso X (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Yolanda (Violante) of Aragon .
Beatriz of Castile (Infanta of Castile) was born in 1293. Parents: Sancho IV (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Maria de MOLINA.
Beatriz of Portugal (QUEEN OF PORTUGAL) was born (date unknown).
Spouse: John I of Castile . Beatriz of Portugal (QUEEN OF PORTUGAL) and John I of Castile were married in May 1383.
Beatriz of Portugal was born about 1347.
Spouse: Sancho de Castilla (Count of Albuquerque and Haro). Beatriz of Portugal and Sancho de Castilla (Count of Albuquerque and Haro) were married. Children were: Leonor Urrac de Castilla de Albuquerque.
Bello of Carcassonne (Count of Carcassonne) was born before 812. He received his title before 812.
Berenger II of Ivrea (KING OF ITALY) was born in 900. He died on 6 August 966 at the age of 66. Parents: Adalbert of Ivrea (Count & Margrave of Ivrea) and Ermengarda of Tuscany .
Berenguela (Nun) was born before 6 December 1253. Parents: Alfonso X (KING OF CASTILE AND LEON) and Yolanda (Violante) of Aragon .
Berenguela of Castile was born in 1180. She died on 8 November 1246 at the age of 66. Berenguela of Castile, was the sister of King Henry I of Castile. When Henry I died in 1217, the right of succession fell to Berenguela. She, however, renounced that right in favor of her son, Ferdinand, allowing him to become King of Leon and paving the way for him to unite Castile and Leon when he inherited the Castilian throne from his father.
Bertrada II of Laon was born (date unknown).
Blanca2 was born (date unknown). Parents: Fernando .
Children were: Juana Manuel de Castilla (sna de Villena).
Blanca (Blanche)2 was born (date unknown). Parents: Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor PLANTAGENET of England.
Blanca of Aragon was born on 9 June 1424. Parents: John II of Aragon (KING OF ARAGON & NAVARRO) and Blanche of Navarre .
Blanca of Navarre2 was born (date unknown).
Blanche of Bourbon was born (date unknown).